Thursday, 29 November 2007

Book Cloth Tutorial

by comfortableshoes

I am a firm believer in making book cloth the old-fashioned traditional way: paste, thin paper and fabric. It’s been done for, well, centuries and it works and it’s not too hard.

First you need a starch paste. I like wheat paste. It’s cheap and easy to find. All you need is pastry flour or wheat starch and water. Pastry or cake flour is available in any grocery store and wheat starch is available in specialty stores. You can also buy “real” wheat paste. Mix a 1:4 ratio of flour to water. Mix it well, no lumps. Now cook it, whisk constantly over medium low heat until it becomes glossy and translucent. This amount of paste will make a lot of book cloth and paste paper. I would suggest using distilled water it won’t have any funny chemicals in it that will discolor later. If you are an acid free freak add a ½ tsp to baking soda to the water it will neutralize any acid content.

Cut your fabric to the size you would like. Use pre-washed and ironed fabric so that it doesn’t shrink when you are gluing it. Cut your thin paper 1 inch larger all around than the fabric. I really like washi paper best but student grade sumi painting paper is more than perfect.

Now you need to spread your glue. There are lots of differing opinions about how to do this, some people like to use a rubber spreader and other like glue brushes and others like cheap chip brushes or gesso brushes. I’m a brush woman myself. I used to use a 2-inch wide chip brush. It worked great, but now that I’m working with a smaller size of paper I use a medium glue brush. I suggest you try a variety of styles and see what works for you.

I hold my paper down with one hand in the center, spread glue allover the edges- generously. And then start to work the center. Work the glue around until the wrinkles relax out of the paper. With thin washi paper it takes 20 seconds or so for this to happen, constantly move the brush and glue, work fast and loose, spread the glue generously. Don’t skimp on the glue. When you see the paper relax, start to move excess glue to the edge and off the paper. You don’t want a ton of glue on there when you put the fabric on the paper; you want a thin EVEN layer.

Now your paper is relaxed with a thin even layer, you need to drop your fabric to the glue covered paper wrong side down into the glue. Gently rub the fabric into the glue. Now you need to pick the fabric, glue and paper sandwich up and take it to a window and place the sandwich to the window, fabric side to the glass, the extra glue covered paper will hold the paper and fabric taught while it dries keeping it for the most part flat and keeping tension on the fabric. (If you are lucky to have it- old window panes work great for this- I was lucky that when I bought my house there were several large pieces of plate glass in the garage.) AS it dries the paper will peel away from the glass, if it doesn’t it cleans easily with soap and water.

There are many reasons to back your cloth with paper. First it makes the fabric very easy to work with when binding, you fabric won’t stretch when you glue it to you board. Secondly it keeps the color of the cloth true to the fabric. Third, it decreases glue seepage. Fourth it makes a strong durable bond of fabric to paper to board. There are several tutorials out there for making book cloth with wonder under or other fusible interfacing. While it’s fast and easy to use its more expensive and unknown in terms of it’s being archival or acid free. (Let it be known here that I’m not an acid free freak. There are books and paper out there that were made long before PH was understood so my philosophy is that you can do what you want and most things are going to outlive you and probably your children.

7 comments:

Kiley said...

Wonderful Leslie!

pinga said...

please could you tell me what consistancy paste should be? because when mine cools it sets like a lump of jelly/custard etc, it seems to work fine, but I'm never sure if I've cooked it too much, not enough or just right.
Thanks

Rhonda said...

Any paste that i've ever made/used has been quite gelantenous...wiggly blobs like firm jello. When you are using it, just mash it and mix it up good each time so that you can spread it without lumps.

pinga said...

thanks

Anonymous said...

The pros use a blender for the paste to make it smooth.

Anonymous said...

Would you by chance mind sharing where you buy your washi paper?

RikkaRikka said...

Nice tutorial. Thank you for including your technique for glue application. I've been having trouble with it because I do not spread and work the glue for long enough. This helps a bunch!